Abstract Paper

Journal of Social Sciences and Management Research

Author(s) : Vallary Patric
Article Information : Volume 04 - Issue 01 (December - 2019) , 101-113
Affiliation(s) : Assistant Professor, Department of Social Work, Loyola College, Chennai

Abstract :

Human migration is a universal phenomenon and is accompanied by economic development. Migration is one of the most challenging demographic issues facing the world today. Migrant groups are willing to move to places with labour shortages, they bring with them skills that may be scarce in many destination countries – from highly qualified to the unskilled labour in agriculture, construction or low skilled fields. Migration of women for work and economic motives has attracted serious research attention only recently. As Thapan (2008) points out, many studies perceive migration as being a male movement with women either being left behind or follow their men folk as dependents. Though women are seen engaged in production work outside the household after migration, they are seen as secondary earners and dependents in the process of migration. Internal migration in India is expected to touch 400 million as stated by Census 2011 (Rajan 2013). Over half the global figure of 740 million and almost twice as China‟s estimated 221 million. According to NSSO 2007-08 and Census report 2001, women constitute 80 percent of the total internal migrants. Internal migrants are diverse in their characteristics due to varied degree of education, income, skills and varying profiles of caste, religion, family composition, age etc. Most of the migrants are young, energetic group with majority from the Scheduled tribe and Scheduled caste group and they are protected by the Indian Constitution because of their historic, social and economic inequality.

Keywords : Migration, Internal migrants, women migrants, construction sector, marginalized groups, push factors, labour legislations, economic development.
Document Type : Research Paper
Publication date : November 29, 2019